The Treaty of Paris was ratified by the British, French and Americans in the city of Paris, France in 1798. Six years later in 1804, The United States completed the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Soon there after, the Louis expedition embarked on their survey reconnoiter of the natural resources of the interior by sailing and rowing up the Missouri River in search of a potential portage to lands and seas previously explored by Captain Cook. The Louis expedition’s Keelboat and it’s crew were searching for valuable materiel sources and transportation routes.
Within this turn of the 19th century’s timeframe, General Henry Knox and his Masonic chemical engineering command at Fort Knox, Maine; upon the Penobscot river at Maine’s forest products mill port at Bucksport, and, during the time when Maine was still northern Massachusetts; Ft. Knox then became a central command Naval Base, nort of today’s Bath Ironworks. This colonial era history of Knox’s command pertains to the impending Naval War of 1812. A future US President to be; Theodore Roosevelt later wrote “The Naval War of 1812” as his Harvard University Thesis.
As General Arnold operated at and around Fort Ticonderoga and Lake George in upstate New York during Indian wars involving both the British and the French, another of Washington’s generals; the Prussian immigrant General von Stuben, assisted Ambassador Franklin with the Treaty of Paris and Louisiana Purchase negotiations which convinced Emperor Bonaparte that the US interior was an indomitable and distant wilderness of lesser value than Prussia, the Russian Interior, and Moscow.
The Massachusetts colony, then comprised of the modern day states of Massachusetts and Maine, included such vital locations as Fort Knox, Biddeford upon the Saco River, Lowell on the Merrimack -which became an important name in the Civil War Battle of Hampton Roads-, and the ports of Gloucester and Boston, just north of Plymouth Rock and then Rhode Island’s Fort Adams at Newport.
In Massachusetts; as Britain and France questioned the 1798 treaty of Paris at the time of the frontier’s beginnings and as exploratory surveys into “Louisiana” to the west of our new nation were led by Lewis beginning in 1804; there had been and would continue to be coastal marine ecosystem fisheries activities. While Cod was and remains the primary fishery of the St. George’s Banks biome, historians debate the fishery and it’s populations as having been in colonial times so proximal to close coastal fishing activities as to have been perhaps estuarine and thus harvested so easily via very small craft that it were “as though possible with a basket and canoe”. Early colonial era whaling was further off shore and at times in distant seas in pursuit of migratory species. Nevertheless, coastal craft and more seaworthy vessels like the USS Constitution, in the years between 1798 and 1812, were a line of US defense south of the St. Lawrence river and the interior Canadian limnological systems dominated by French Jesuit priests, soldiers, sailors and pelt trapping traders. The French limnological transportation routes and systems, and their light craft portages, led through the lakes region, past settlements and forts near St. Lewis, and then on southward to New Orleans. Suffice to say here that relative to Franklin, von Stuben, Knox, Arnold, Amherst, and the Imperial French Marine forces of emperor Bonaparte, as well as relative to the British crown and Royal Navy; then and since allied with the USA at Paris, 1798; coastal and seaborne populations of men, with their ships and craft upon the original state of Massachusetts’s coastline, and upon proximal fisheries harvesting waters, were these those citizens therein present and inhabiting the supporting resource harvest and allocation communities at places like Boston, Gloucester, Lowell, Kennebunk, Biddeford and Bucksport. On this fertile coast, superior settlements of strength and resiliency, and being of primarily British descent and Puritanical, did grow and prosper amidst the wealth of natural resources within the coastal biome’s habitat, and, these the now US citizens, resultant of the 1798 treaty at Paris, were also able to access interior New England forests commanded by Arnold and Amherst, which were predominantly comprised of oak, chestnut, maple and pine, as well as home to Turkey, Venison, and fur bearers. However, indeed the most important single factor contributing to the vitality of the 1798 USA, as our nation began, had been the Protestant/Puritanical objection to the 1534 Act of Supremacy. The Act’s passage had sent these Puritans to a new world with their wives and other females of all ages. Women, therefore, capacitated the the creation of the United States of America as France and Spain were unable to establish populations. Via this comparison of continental populaces; child bearing women of European descent were not present in French and Spanish military, missionary and trading settlements. Thus, consider the Anglican alliance as perhaps unsure of the success of the British, American (and Prussian) diplomatic efforts in Paris relative to Bonaparte’s leadership, which then persuaded the French military to invade Russia in pursuit of Moscow, and by consequence to abandon the vast US Interior, which France then saw as a “wilderness wasteland”. Ambassador Franklin, relative to Knox’s command of the coast, here in history, argued for the second amendment amidst these pertaining Marine and limnol concerns and in accordance to the reasoning that “a well regulated militia being essential to a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”. The Marine armament logic of the second amendment as being a requisite deterrence of war is further causal of much reason in ideations contemplative of fact and evidence temporally congruent to the 1798-1812 colonial era timeframe’s popular fear of napoleonic or Québécois French invasion of the Marine bio-limitrophe and interior limnological riverine aspects including entry points at lands along the Hudson River north of Lake George. During the initial decades of the USA, especially in consideration of the fact that Fort Knox was built as a coastal defense for use during the War of 1812; it is notable that the fort was then famously never used. Hence, the second amendment was a continental congress legislative permission enabling a Massachusetts (Today, MA/ME) civilian Militia Marine defense of the recently entreatied United States of America. Hence, “Minuteman”. Yet, the weaponry available never met French cannoneers at Knox.
Tolstoy wrote “War and Peace” about the French invasion of Russia.
Whaling, Cod, French Marines, The Lewis Keelboat, and the 2nd Amendment.
Tonkin, Cuba, Cod, Magnusen Stevens Act, South China Sea.